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スペシャリストかつゼネラリストを目指すには?

世の中には、スペシャリストタイプの人もいれば、ゼネラリストタイプの人もいる。
以下は個人的な印象(すべてのスペシャリストやゼネラリストが以下の通りということではない)。
スペシャリストは、1つの特定分野に強い反面、その分野以外は弱い(強みをグラフ化すると、IやTを逆さにしたような形か)。
ゼネラリストは、どんな分野もカヴァーするが、スペシャリストと同じだけの強みがある分野はない(なだらかで低い山のような形)。

私の理想は、どの分野でも強みがある(深く広い)ことだ(長方形に近い形)。
ただ、理想に近づくには、いきなり追い求めるのではなく、一歩一歩近づくことが必要だと考えている。
この理想と、スペシャリストもしくはゼネラリストの間を結ぶものが、「ポリヴァレント」な人間ではないだろうか。
ここでの「ポリヴァレント」な人間とは、スペシャリストと同じ、あるいは劣っていてもその差が小さい能力が複数あるが、ゼネラリストほど広い範囲はカヴァーしていない、と定義する(πを逆さにしたような形や2つ以上高い山がある形)。

1つの分野に固執したり、視野が狭くなることはよくない。
それが、どの分野でも強みがあることを目指す理由だ。
反面、1つの分野もろくにわかっていないくせに、広く深い能力を持つことは難しいだろう。
妥協点を探るなら、能力開発につぎ込むエネルギーの6~8割を1つの分野に、残りを他の分野に振り向けることかな、と考えている(仕事でも同じか)。

簡単ではない問題だ……

参照: 「多様性」を考える
http://danpaleta.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/2007/06/post-d5fa.html

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